This post is about how to combine the loads, create load cases in ANSYS. Almost all professional projects will have load cases and load combinations. Although it varies from industry to industry, load combination is common. I am going to use the following terms very often. The best way I remember them are:
Load Step: a particular step in which you apply a load and have results loaded on to the database file(db file) after you solve.
Load Case: a results file which is a combination of one or more load steps results.
In general, you can define a load step anyway you want only during the pre-processing. Whereas you can define the load case file during post-processing.
In the following video, I am taking the previous example of cantilever I-beam to apply loads and combine them.
The loads I applied on the I-beam are :
Load Step 1: Apply a load of 1000N in X direction
Load Step 2: Apply a load of 1000N in Y direction
Load Step 3: Apply a load of 1000N in Z direction
Load Step 4: Apply an acceleration of 9.81m/sec^2 in Z direction
Load Step 5: Apply an acceleration of 9.81m/sec^2 in Y direction
Load Step 6: Apply an acceleration of 9.81m/sec^2 in X direction
The desired load combination is:
Load Combination 1: Load Step 3 + Load Step 4 –which is vertical load plus vertical acceleration due to gravity
Load Combination 2: Load Step 3 + Load Step 4+ 5% of Load Step 1+ 5% of Load Step 2+10% of Load Step 5+10% of Load Step 6 — which is vertical load+ vertical acceleration+ 5% in lateral directions and 10% acceleration in lateral direction.
The steps involved for load combination:
Step 1: Create Load Steps and Solve
Step 2: Convert Load Steps to Load Cases
Step 3: Use commands “LCOPER” and “LCFACT” to combine the load cases
Step 4: Create additional load steps by using “RAPPND”. Yes, you can convert the load cases to load steps so that you can view the view the results in Workbench via Mechanical. If you only create load cases, then you are limited to use classic ANSYS. In the video, I change the the step number to see the results on the fly!! Very useful command.
Step 5: Create seperate load case results file by using “LCWRITE”. This is useful for classic ANSYS users, as they can load the db file and results file(LCFILE command) and view the results / extract results.
This is a lot of information for first time user. It takes time to get the terminology and methods. Hope the following video makes things clear!!